Sentence Correction: Subject–Verb Agreement Questions: Overview

The number of individuals of historically under-represented minorities, notably African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans, who earn degrees in physics and pursue successful careers in physics in the United States is increasing thanks to the work of the APS Committee on Minorities (COM).

Excellent!

This answer choice is the only grammatically correct one. The singular subject number must agree with the singular verb is.

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Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The plural subject numbers does not agree with the singular verb has been.

[[snippet]]

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The singular subject number does not agree with the plural verb are.

[[snippet]]

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The singular verb earns does not agree with the plural subject African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans.

In addition, this answer choice doesn't fit into the original sentence. The phrase resulting from the change from is to has is has increasing - a grammatically incorrect construction because a progressive (Verb+ing) tense needs a form of the verb to be

Why did you choose this answer choice?

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The singular verb pursues does not agree with the plural subject African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans.

In addition, this answer choice changes the meaning of the original sentence, by changing the subject from The number to a number (=several), and thus making the sentence illogical

Why did you choose this answer choice?

It's very important to pay attention to every small detail in Sentence Correction questions. Whether a verb agrees in number with the subject often depends on the presence or absence of the letter -s.

Note that the subject of the verb earns is African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans - a plural subject.

Did you identify that this was the subject of earns?

Every clause in a sentence has its own subject and verb. This sentence includes a relative clause [African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans], who earn degrees in physics and pursue successful careers in physics in the United States. Whenever you see a conjugated verb like earns, ask yourself: who or what is the subject of this verb? Do the subject and verb match in number?

By the way, if you haven't encountered the topic of relative clauses yet, you will learn about them later on.

Every clause in a sentence has its own subject and verb. This sentence includes a relative clause [African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans], who earn degrees in physics and pursue successful careers in physics in the United States. Whenever you see a conjugated verb like earns, ask yourself: who or what is the subject of this verb? Do the subject and verb match in number?

By the way, if you haven't encountered the topic of relative clauses yet, you will learn about them later on.

Next time pay closer attention to see whether the subject and verb match in number (singular/plural).

It's very important to pay attention to every small detail in Sentence Correction questions. Whether a verb agrees in number with the subject often depends on the presence or absence of the letter -s.

Note that the subject of the verb pursues is African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans - a plural subject.

Did you identify that this was the subject of pursues?

Next time pay closer attention to see whether the subject and verb match in number (singular/plural).

Every clause in a sentence has its own subject and verb. This sentence includes a relative clause [African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans], who earn degrees in physics and pursue successful careers in physics in the United States. Whenever you see a conjugated verb like earns, ask yourself: Who or what is the subject of this verb? Do the subject and verb match in number?

By the way, if you haven't encountered the topic of relative clauses yet, you will learn about them later on.

Every clause in a sentence has its own subject and verb. This sentence includes a relative clause [African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans], who earn degrees in physics and pursue successful careers in physics in the United States. Whenever you see a conjugated verb like pursues, ask yourself: Who or what is the subject of this verb? Do the subject and verb match in number?

By the way, if you haven't encountered the topic of relative clauses yet, you will learn about them later on.

The number of individuals of historically under-represented minorities, notably African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans, who earn degrees in physics and pursue successful careers in physics in the United States is

A number of individuals of historically under-represented minorities, notably African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans, who earn degrees in physics and pursues successful careers in physics in the United States is

The number of individuals of historically under-represented minorities, notably African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans, who earns degrees in physics and pursue successful careers in physics in the United States has

The number of individuals of historically under-represented minorities, notably African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans, who earn degrees in physics and pursue successful careers in physics in the United States are

The numbers of individuals of historically under-represented minorities, notably African Americans, Latinos, and Native Americans, who earn degrees in physics and pursue successful careers in physics in the United States has been

I didn't see that 'earn' changed to 'earns'

I saw that 'earn' changed to 'earns', but thought this was correct

I didn't see that 'pursue' changed to 'pursues'

I saw that 'pursue' changed to 'pursues', but thought this was correct

Yes

No

I don't know

Yes

No

I don't know

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