Sentence Correction: Redundancy Questions - Overview

In the Victorian era, all those who frequented a Gentleman's club, an exclusively male province of middle and upper class privilege, were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling.     

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The first two items in the sentence's list are non-conjugated verbs (to dress, carry on), but the last item is a clause (they had to enjoy).

[[snippet]]

The original sentence is also redundant because the clause they had to repeats the same idea already expressed with the words were expected to.

Incorrect.

This answer choice repeats the Parallelism mistake in the original question. The first two items in the sentence's list are non-conjugated verbs (to dress, carry on), but the last item is a clause they had to enjoy. The original sentence is also redundant because the clause they had to repeats the same idea already expressed with the words were expected to.

[[snippet]]

In addition, by changing were to was, this answer choice introduces a new Subject Verb Agreement mistake. The singular verb was does not agree with the plural subject of the original sentence those who frequented a Gentleman's club.

Well done!

This answer choice corrects the Parallelism mistake in the original question and also eliminates the redundancy, by changing the clause they had to enjoy to the non-conjugated to V verb [to] enjoy.

[[snippet]]

Incorrect.

[[snippet]]

While this answer choice corrects the Parallelism mistake in the original question, by changing the list mixing two verbs (to dress, to carry on) and a clause (they had to enjoy) to a list of verbs only (to be elegantly dressed; carry on; enjoy gambling), it is stylistically flawed and changes the meaning of the original sentence.

The phrase were expected to be elegantly dressed in the corrected sentence is wordier than the original expected to dress elegantly, and is also in the passive form. At least does not have the same meaning as not least

Incorrect.

This answer choice is stylistically flawed and creates an unnecessary meaning change.

While this answer choice corrects the Parallelism mistake in the original question, by changing the list mixing two verbs (to dress, to carry on) and a clause (they had to enjoy) to a list of nouns (dressers, conversationalists, gamblers), it creates a new stylistic mistake and meaning change by rephrasing enjoy gambling to enjoyable gamblers.

They had to enjoy gambling means that the gentlemen had to enjoy this activity. The corrected sentence's [to be]... enjoyable gamblers, not only sounds awkward, but also illogically implies that other people had to enjoy the gentlemen gamblers.

In addition, this answer choice is stylistically flawed. The phrase were expected to be elegant dressers in is wordier than the original expected to dress elegantly, and is also in the passive form.

were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling
was expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, they had to enjoy gambling
were expected to dress elegantly, carry on witty intellectual conversation, and not least, enjoy gambling
were expected to be elegantly dressed, carry on witty conversation, and enjoy gambling at least
were expected to be elegant dressers, witty conversationalists, and, not least, enjoyable gamblers

The quickest way to get into your dream MBA

Adaptive learning technology

5000+ practice questions

7 simulation exams

Industry-Leading Score Guarantee

Save 100+ hours of your life

iOS and Android apps

Tablet device with “GMAT Prep | Bloomberg Exam Prep” app