Critical Reasoning: Boldface Type Questions

Exercise is an integral part of sustaining a high level of health. The body needs to be challenged if it is to become fitter and stronger. However, overexertion can lead to injury. An exercise program should always maintain a slow and natural pace of progression.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

Incorrect.

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An opinion is the personal belief of the author. The first boldface, however, presents factual information. You can immediately eliminate answer choices that incorrectly define the first boldface part; do not waste time reading the rest.

Incorrect.

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An opinion is something that is believed by the author or other people. It can be true or false. The first boldface, however, presents factual information. You can immediately eliminate answer choices that incorrectly define the first boldface part; do not waste time reading the rest.

Incorrect.

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While this answer choice defines the first boldface part correctly, it defines the second incorrectly. Because the second boldface portion is supported by the first, it is incorrect to say that it opposes it.

Incorrect.

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While this answer choice defines the first boldface part correctly, it defines the second incorrectly. Because the second boldface is supported by the first, it is incorrect to say that it denies its possibility to occur. If the event would never occur, then sentence 3 wouldn't be a fact.

Nicely done!

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The first boldface portion presents us with a possible situation that is based purely on fact. The second boldface portion concludes the argument by presenting a judgment about what must be done to prevent the situation (injury) from occurring.

The first is an opinion; the second is a conclusion based on that opinion.
The first is a factual possibility; the second is an opinion that opposes that possibility.
The first is a general opinion; the second is a conclusion that supports that opinion.
The first is a factual possibility; the second is a conclusion that presents a method of preventing the occurrence of that possibility.
The first is a possible event of cause and effect; the second denies the possibility of such an event to occur.

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