Sentence Correction: Advanced Pronoun Errors: Ambiguity and Antecedents

Most penguins feed on fish, squid, krill and other creatures of the sea since they are found chiefly in the ocean.

That's not it.

This answer choice is stylistically flawed. The pronoun they is ambiguous because it agrees with more than one noun. It is unclear to whom it refers - to penguins or to fish, squid, krill and other creatures of the sea.

[[snippet]]

Since there is an answer choice that corrects this mistake without creating a grammatical mistake or changing the meaning, it is preferable to this answer choice.

Incorrect.

This answer choice repeats the original mistake. The pronoun they is ambiguous because it agrees with more than one noun. It is unclear to whom it refers - to penguins or to fish, squid, krill and other creatures of the sea.

[[snippet]]

Furthermore, this answer is wordy as a result of replacing the single word chiefly with the four-word phrase for the most part.

No, that's not it.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The pronoun it can refer to a singular noun, but there's no such noun in the sentence. All the previous nouns in the sentence are plural.

[[snippet]]

Excellent!

This answer choice corrects the original **Pronoun Ambiguity** mistake by replacing the **ambiguous pronoun** *they* with *the latter* to make it clear that the *fish, squid, krill, and other creatures of the sea*, not the penguins, are what are found chiefly in the ocean.
No, that's not it.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The plural noun animals does not agree with the singular verb  is.

Furthermore, this answer choice does not correct the original ambiguity mistake. The phrase these animals could refer to penguins or to fish, squid, krill and other creatures of the sea.

since they are found chiefly in the ocean

since for the most part they are found in the ocean

since it is found chiefly in the ocean

because the latter are found chiefly in the ocean

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