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Critical Reasoning: Inference Questions

Which of the following best completes the passage below?

The management of Company T is very particular about the employees it hires. The evaluation process used with potential employees is a tested method for hiring high-quality personnel, and includes at least two interviews along with various examinations. Company T's output rates are far from satisfactory so it can be concluded that __________.

Incorrect.

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This answer choice contradicts the second premise. We are told that the evaluation process currently used by the company has been tested and produces excellent results - we cannot infer from this that is must be abandoned.

Incorrect.

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This conclusion reaches too far beyond of the premises. The fact that Company T's output is unsatisfactory at the moment does not immediately imply that it will soon be bankrupt (this would require an assumption). Maybe Company T hits a slight slump in production once every 5 years, and thereafter continues business at its usual rate - we just don't know.

Incorrect.

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This conclusion contradicts one of the premises in the argument. Since the evaluation process has been tested and produces goos results, we have no reason to infer that the cause of the low output has anything to do with Company T's employees' abilities or suitability.

Incorrect.

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This answer choice present a new premise, and not a conclusion. There is no data in the argument about the profits of previous years or Company T's use of them. The fact that the current screening process is very efficient also does not indicate it was made so using company profits.

Nice work!

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This answer choice presents a logical conclusion to the argument. According to the premises, it is extremely likely that Company T's employees are quite competent and suitable for their positions. So what could the reason for the low output be? Everything else - the nature of their work with one another and their working conditions.

the evaluation process used by Company T to hire new employees should be abolished in favor of another method
it will not be before long it finds itself facing the prospect of bankruptcy
the profits earned in previous years were used in improving the company's employee screening process
Company T's management should terminate the contracts of any employees that were hired using the current evaluation system
it is not so much the individual attributes of each employee, but more likely the cooperation between them or the proper working conditions that Company T is lacking