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Critical Reasoning: Argument Flaw Questions

The three wealthiest people in the world do not hold an official academic title of any kind from any university. Therefore, studying in a university, and receiving a degree, does not contribute to accumulating wealth during one's career. 

The argument is flawed primarily because the author



This answer choice is incorrect simply because the author does provide evidence in the form of a premise about the world's wealthiest people. The fact that the conclusion does not rest very logically upon this evidence is another story.



There is nothing illogical about attempting to show why a cause-and-effect relationship is incorrect. Like any statement, a conclusion can be positive, negative, and even neutral towards a certain subject.



The data presented about the world's three wealthiest people is related to the conclusion since both sentences involve the concept of academic degrees and its influence on one's material success.



The first sentence of the argument is a premise, which is factual information, not personal opinion.

Nicely done!


The fact that three people became very wealthy without the help of a university degree cannot be refuted. However, stating that everyone that does get a degree will not in some way benefit financially from it, is taking the case of three people and applying it to millions of others.

does not provide evidence to support the conclusion
attempts to undermine a cause-and-effect relationship
presents data which is unrelated to the conclusion
bases the argument's logic on personal opinion alone
overgeneralizes a few specific cases