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Critical Reasoning: Conclusion Weakening Questions

Franjel: It has been reported that 10% of our adult population is illiterate. This is clearly the outcome of a flawed educational system.

Almosk: Technological progress has provided many solutions to assist people that are illiterate through audio. It is not the educational system, but these alternative forms of communication that have reduced the importance of being literate, allowing people to avoid having to learn how to read and write.

Which of the following, if true, most weakens Almosk's response to Franjel's explanation?



This answer choice strengthens Almosk's objection while you're required to weaken it. It does so by giving us an actual example of a product that allows people to read without actually knowing how. This example supports the idea that since people don't have the need to know how to read or write, they don't make an effort to learn.



This answer choice weakens Franjel's explanation and, therefore, strengthens Almosk's. If the educational system has been improved over the last 25 years, then it is less likely that it has flaws that are contributing to the illiteracy problem. Unfortunately, you were suppose to weaken Almosk's position.



This answer choice neither strengthens nor weakens Almosk's objection. The statistical method that produced the figure of 10% is beside the point. Since this figure was presented as a premise, we accept it as true - end of story. Focus on your goal of finding a statement to weaken Almosk's explanation or to strengthen that of Franjel.



If anything, this answer choice strengthens Almosk's explanation by stating that to get a job doesn't require being able to read or write. It follows that if people can earn a living without having to learn how to read and write, they won't make the effort to do so.



This answer choice weakens Almosk's explanation for the decrease in illiteracy. If people can't hear, an audio product will not be able to help them "read" or "write". Therefore, it is not logical that such audio products allowed people to give up on the need to become literate.

A device has been invented that is capable of speedily scanning a printed page and immediately reading it aloud using voice-synthesizing software.
The increased number of audio stimulii and high volume levels to which humans of all ages are being subjected has resulted in hearing problems in one third of the population.  
The educational system has undergone drastic reforms in the last 25 years, including changes in teacher training programs which were proven to be successful.
Statistics about illiteracy percentages are formed, along with other demographic statistics, by conducting extensive survey operations.
Many jobs do not require literacy although it is important that an employer is aware of an employee's inability to read or write.