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Critical Reasoning: Argument Structure - Identifying the Conclusion by Words which are not Conjunctions

(1) Horse-racing and social drinking are the two most popular activities in the Snodian culture. (2) The National Paint Horse Association hosts an annual racing fair every summer. (3) This year, the fair organizers made arrangements to offer free drinks during the main race. (4) Their chairman contends that the number of visitors this year will be higher than ever.

Which of the following is the argument's conclusion?

Sentence 1 is a premise. We are given factual information about the Snodian culture.

Try to find a clue in the argument, such as use of certain words, that will help you identify the conclusion.

Sentence 2 is a premise a fact about an annual event.

Try to find a clue in the argument, such as use of certain words, that will help you identify the conclusion.

Sentence 3 is a premise. Actions performed in the past are now historical facts.

Try to find a clue in the argument, such as use of certain words, that will help you identify the conclusion.

Very good!

The words contends that indicate that the sentence 4 is the conclusion.

Do the words contends that characterize a premise or a conclusion?

Incorrect.

The words contends that (as well as believes that) characterize a conclusion.

Now select the correct answer.

You are right!

The words contends that are indeed a conclusion indicator. Try answering the question now.

Sentence 1
Sentence 2
Sentence 3
Sentence 4
I don't know
A premise
A conclusion
No idea