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Critical Reasoning: Assumption Questions

In Korozia, school teachers are paid the lowest wages of any profession that requires higher academic learning. It has been proven that the work of school teachers has a direct influence on the stability and livelihood of Korozia. The investment of an emergency fund into the economic sector will definitely relieve the situation, but this relief may prove impermanent. The fund should be used to increase wages and provide better conditions for school teachers to ensure the reinstatement of economic stability in the country.

Which of the following is an assumption underlying the conclusion?

Incorrect.

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This answer choice is more like a new premise than an assumption since it involves an issue - the citizens' respect - which is irrelevant to the conclusion. We are looking for the link the author made between the given premises and the conclusion.

Incorrect.

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This answer choice states the obvious, saying the fund should be used for a good cause. Also, it involves a new factor - the emergency funds of other countries - which is not mentioned in the argument and  is irrelevant to the conclusion.

Incorrect.

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If the author had assumed that the market is unpredictable, that would greatly undermine the predictions he or she make regarding future economic stability in the conclusion. The assumption can never be a statement that weakens the conclusion; it's supposed to be the link between the given premises and the conclusion.

Incorrect.

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This answer choice does not refer directly to teacher's wages but to wages in general. Furthermore, it presents a possible negative side-effect of raising the wages, which puts the conclusion into question. However, the assumption can never weaken the conclusion; it's supposed to be the link between the given premises and the conclusion.

Great work!

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According to the premises, investing in teachers' wages and investing in the economic sector will both have a positive effect on the economy. However, we are told that the positive effects of an investment in the economic sector may be temporary. Still, the same may be said about investing in teacher's wages.

To reach the conclusion, the author must have assumed that investment in the educational sector will have a longer-lasting effect.

Economic stability is achieved when all professions are respected by the citizens in the same way.
Korozia's emergency fund is much like the emergency fund in other countries and should be used for a good cause.
Market dynamics and general instability can make an economic sector very unpredictable.
Increased wages can result in an economic balance which in turn may cause inflation to occur.
Investment in education will have an extended effect on Korozia's economic stability.