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Critical Reasoning: Assumption Questions

The citizens of Country 777 pay very high prices for Internet connections. In 777, there is only one company that provides the installation of Internet infrastructures. Therefore, to serve the citizens, the government should encourage the introduction of competing companies in the field of Internet services.

The above conclusion is properly drawn if which of the following is assumed?

Incorrect.

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How often the citizens of 777 use the internet is irrelevant, as it does not explain how the author got to the conclusion.

Incorrect.

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The cost of Internet infrastructures is irrelevant, as it does not explain how the author got to the conclusion.

Incorrect.

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This answer choice presents a new premise about the previous existence of other companies. It is irrelevant whether this new data supports the conclusion; what you are looking for is the assumption, which should explain how the author drew the conclusion based on the existing premises.

Incorrect.

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This answer choice presents a new premise about the health problems of 777. It is irrelevant whether this new data supports the conclusion; what you are looking for is the assumption, which should explain how the author drew the conclusion based on the existing premises.

Correct!

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The author's basic assumption is that the forming of new companies will lead to lower prices for the citizens of 777.

Citizens of Country 777 use the Internet frequently.
The government of 777 is more focused on health problems than on Internet infrastructures.
Internet infrastructures are complex and expensive to install.
A competitive market encourages companies to reduce prices.
There is only one Internet company in 777 because the others were unsuccessful and had to cease operations.