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Sentence Correction: Preposition and Idiom Questions - Overview

The British Commission for Integrated Transport proposed that the districts of Chelsea, Westminster and Kensington be included in the area requiring entry fees from motorists in order to further reduce congestion in London's business center.

This answer choice uses the incorrect preposition after motorists.

The correct idiom is require something from someone.

This answer choice uses the incorrect preposition after congestion.

The correct idiom is to reduce congestion in.

This answer choice creates a Subjunctive error. Proposed is one of the nine verbs to which the Subjunctive rule applies (if it is followed by that). This means that the next verb after proposed that should be in base form. However, are is not in base form.

What helps us identify this question as a Subjunctive question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

propose/recommend/require/request/insist/suggest/mandate/ask/demand that

Whenever you come across this Stop Sign, make sure that the following verb is in its base form.

This answer choice creates a Subjunctive error. Proposed is one of the nine verbs to which the Subjunctive rule applies (if it is followed by that). This means that the next verb after proposed that should be in base form. However, have been is not in base form.

What helps us identify this question as a Subjunctive question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

propose/recommend/require/request/insist/suggest/mandate/ask/demand that

Whenever you come across this Stop Sign, make sure that the following verb is in its base form.

That's exactly right!

This answer choice uses the Subjunctive form correctly by using the base form of a verb (be) to follow the phrase proposed that.

be included in the area requiring entry fees from motorists in order to further reduce congestion in London's business center
be included in the area requiring entry fees by motorists in order to further reduce the congestion in London's business center
are included in the area requiring entry fees from motorists in order to further reduce congestion in London's business center
be included in the area requiring entry fees from motorists in order to further reduce congestion on London's business center
have been included in the area requiring entry fees from motorists, to further reduce congestion in London's business center