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Sentence Correction: Parts of Speech - Articles

Engineers and environmentalists alike believe that the reestablishment of an equilibrium between the earth's resources and human consumption requires that every individual, company and organization takes responsibility and contributes by recycling materials.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. Require is one of the nine verbs to which the Subjunctive rule applies (if it is followed by that). This means that the verbs after requires that should be in base form. However, takes and contributes are not in base form.

What helps us identify this question as a Subjunctive question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

propose/recommend/require/request/insist/suggest/mandate/ask/demand that

Whenever you come across this Stop Sign, make sure that the following verb is in its base form.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect and repeats the original Subjunctive error. Require is one of the nine verbs to which the Subjunctive rule applies (if it is followed by that). This means that the verbs after requires that should be in base form. However, will take is not in base form.

What helps us identify this question as a Subjunctive question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

propose/recommend/require/request/insist/suggest/mandate/ask/demand that

Whenever you come across this Stop Sign, make sure that the following verb is in its base form.

Although this answer choice corrects the original Subjunctive error by replacing the conjugated verbs takes and contributes with the base forms take and contribute, it is grammatically incorrect. A singular count noun must be preceded by an article. In this answer choice, however, the singular count noun equilibrium is preceded by a preposition (of).

Although this answer choice corrects the original Subjunctive error by replacing the conjugated verbs takes and contributes with the base forms take and contribute, it is grammatically incorrect. A singular count noun must be preceded by an article. In this answer choice, however, the singular count noun reestablishment is preceded by a relative pronoun (that).

That's exactly right!

This answer choice corrects the original Subjunctive error by replacing the conjugated verbs takes and contributes with the base forms take and contribute.

the reestablishment of an equilibrium between the earth's resources and human consumption requires that every individual, company and organization takes responsibility and contributes
the reestablishment of equilibrium between the earth's resources and human consumption requires that every company, organization, and individual take responsibility and contribute
reestablishment of an equilibrium between the earth's resources and human consumption requires that every individual, company and organization take responsibility and contribute
the reestablishment of an equilibrium between the earth's resources and human consumption requires that every individual, company and organization will take responsibility and contribute
the reestablishment of an equilibrium between the earth's resources and human consumption requires that every individual, company and organization take responsibility and contribute