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# Critical Reasoning: Argument Structure - Identifying the Conclusion by Words which are not Conjunctions

(1) During the Crimean War, about 128,000 Russian civilians died in Russia, and about the same number of Russian soldiers died in battle. (2) On the basis of these figures, it can be hypothesized that it was just as dangerous to be a Russian civilian as a Russian soldier.

Which of the following is the argument's conclusion?

Correct!

The words it can be hypothesized that characterize a conclusion, so sentence 2 is the argument's conclusion. And since every argument must include a premise, sentence 1 must be a premise.

Sentence 1 is also a historical fact, which makes it easier to identify it as a premise.

Sentence 1 is a historical fact, which makes it a premise.

Every argument must include at least one premise. There are arguments that consist of premises only, without a conclusion, but there are no arguments that consist of conclusions only, without a premise.

Do the words it can be hypothesized that characterize a premise or a conclusion?

You're right - the words it can be hypothesized that characterize a conclusion, so sentence 2 is the argument's conclusion. And since every argument must include a premise, sentence 1 must be a premise.

Incorrect.

The words it can be hypothesized that characterize a conclusion.