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Sentence Correction: Tenses - Reported Speech

The reporter said disappointedly that the spokesmen refuses to answer any further questions.

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. In Reported Speech, when the reporting verb is in the Past tense (said), the following conjugated verbs should also be in the Past. However, refuses is in the Present tense.

[[snippet]]

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect and repeats the original Reported Speech error. In Reported Speech, when the reporting verb is in the Past tense (said), the following conjugated verbs should also be in the Past. However, will refuse is in the Future tense.

[[snippet]]

Incorrect.

Although this answer choice corrects the original Reported Speech error by placing the conjugated verb refused in the Past tense, it is grammatically incorrect. An adjective (disappointing) cannot describe a verb (said). Adjectives can only describe nouns.

An adverb should be used to describe a verb.

Incorrect.

Although this answer choice corrects the original Reported Speech error by placing the conjugated verb refused in the Past tense, it is grammatically incorrect. A noun (disappointment) cannot describe a verb (said). An adverb should be used to describe a verb.

Good!

In Reported Speech, when the reporting verb is in the Past tense (said), the following conjugated verbs should also be in the Past (refused).

said disappointedly that the spokesmen refuses
disappointedly said that the spokesmen refused
said disappointedly that the spokesmen will refuse
said disappointing that the spokesmen refused
said disappointment that the spokesmen refused