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Sentence Correction: Dangling Modifiers - Overview

Rejecting the idea that space must be the representation of a relation or a substance, Immanuel Kant understood that space is instead an integral entity inherent to the systematic structure that allows humans to comprehend and arrange events.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The original sentence begins with a modifier: Rejecting the idea that space must be the representation of a relation or a substance. A modifier should be placed right next to the noun it describes. The only noun that this modifier can logically modify is Immanuel Kant. However, what immediately follows the modifier is space and space cannot reject an idea.

What helps us identify this question as a Dangling Modifier question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

A modifier, characterized by all of the following:
1. Verb+ing or Verb in 3rd form
2. Separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma
3. Appears at the very beginning of the sentence

Whenever you see this Stop Sign, focus on the modifier: check whether the noun right after the modifier is indeed the noun that the modifier describes. If it isn't - you've found your mistake.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The original sentence begins with a modifier: Rejecting the idea that space must be the representation of a relation or a substance. A modifier should be placed right next to the noun it describes. The only noun that this modifier can logically modify is Immanuel Kant. However, what immediately follows the modifier is space and space cannot reject an idea.

What helps us identify this question as a Dangling Modifier question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

A modifier, characterized by all of the following:
1. Verb+ing or Verb in 3rd form
2. Separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma
3. Appears at the very beginning of the sentence

Whenever you see this Stop Sign, focus on the modifier: check whether the noun right after the modifier is indeed the noun that the modifier describes. If it isn't - you've found your mistake.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect because it uses the incorrect preposition with after the word inherent. The correct idiom is inherent to.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect because it uses the incorrect preposition as after the word representation. The correct idiom is: A is a representation of B.

Terrific work!

This answer choice places the noun being described (Immanuel Kant) directly after the modifier describing it (Rejecting the idea that space must be the representation of a relation or a substance), and uses the correct prepositions in all of the idioms.

of a relation or a substance, Immanuel Kant understood that space is instead an integral entity inherent to
of a relation or substance, Immanuel Kant understood that space is instead an integral entity inherent with
of a relation or a substance, space, according to Immanuel Kant's understanding, is instead an integral entity inherent to
as a relation or a substance, Immanuel Kant understood instead that space is an integral entity inherent to
of a relation or substance, space, as Immanuel Kant understood it, is instead an integral entity inherent to