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Sentence Correction: Dangling Modifiers - Overview

Gawking at recent statistics, road safety officials created a report and sent it to the Department of Education, proposing that schools place more emphasis on driver education.

This answer choice creates a Subjunctive error. Propose is one of the nine verbs to which the Subjunctive rule applies (if it is followed by that). This means that the next verb after proposing that should be in base form. However, placing is not in base form.

What helps us identify this question as a Subjunctive question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

propose/recommend/require/request/insist/suggest/mandate/ask/demand that

Whenever you come across this Stop Sign, make sure that the following verb is in its base form.

This answer choice creates a Subjunctive error. Propose is one of the nine verbs to which the Subjunctive rule applies (if it is followed by that). This means that the next verb after proposing that should be in base form. However, placed is not in base form.

What helps us identify this question as a Subjunctive question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

propose/recommend/require/request/insist/suggest/mandate/ask/demand that

Whenever you come across this Stop Sign, make sure that the following verb is in its base form.

This answer choice creates a Subjunctive error. Propose is one of the nine verbs to which the Subjunctive rule applies (if it is followed by that). This means that the next verb after proposing that should be in base form. However, places is not in base form.

What helps us identify this question as a Subjunctive question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

propose/recommend/require/request/insist/suggest/mandate/ask/demand that

Whenever you come across this Stop Sign, make sure that the following verb is in its base form.

The sentence begins with a modifier: Gawking at recent statistics. A modifier should be placed right next to the noun it describes. The only noun that this modifier can logically modify is road safety officials. The noun road safety officials, however, is quite far from the modifier that describes it creating an illogical sentence that implies that a report was gawking.

What helps us identify this question as a Dangling Modifier question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

A modifier, characterized by all of the following:
1. Verb+ing or Verb in 3rd form
2. Separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma
3. Appears at the very beginning of the sentence

Whenever you see this Stop Sign, focus on the modifier: check whether the noun right after the modifier is indeed the noun that the modifier describes. If it isn't - you've found your mistake.

Nice!

Propose
is one of the nine verbs to which the Subjunctive rule applies (if it is followed by that). This answer choice, therefore, correctly uses the base form verb place to follow proposing that.

road safety officials created a report and sent it to the Department of Education, proposing that schools place
road safety officials created a report and sent it to the Department of Education, proposing that schools placing
a report was created by road safety officials and sent to the Department of Education, proposing that schools place
road safety officials created a report which was sent to the Department of Education, proposing that schools placed
road safety officials created a report and sent it to the Department of Education, proposing that a school places