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Sentence Correction: Dangling Modifiers - Overview

Lacking understanding and experience, many people, quite often children under the age of fourteen, are pulled out to sea by strong currents and drowns.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect: the plural subject people does not agree with the singular verb drowns.

What helps us identify this question as a Subject Verb Agreement question and identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

A long complex subject / a long distance between the subject and the verb

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect and, like the original sentence, creates a Subject Verb Agreement error. The plural subject people does not agree with the singular verb is.

What helps us identify this question as a Subject Verb Agreement question and identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

A long complex subject / a long distance between the subject and the verb

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect and, like the original sentence, creates a Subject Verb Agreement error. The plural subject people does not agree with the singular verb lacks.

What helps us identify this question as a Subject Verb Agreement question and identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

A long complex subject / a long distance between the subject and the verb

Although this answer choice corrects the original Subject Verb Agreement error by matching the plural subject people to the plural verb drown, it creates a Dangling Modifier. The sentence begins with the modifier: Lacking understanding and experience. A modifier should be placed right next to the noun it describes. The only nouns that this modifier can logically modify are people or children as we are referring to understanding and experience. However, what immediately follows the modifier is strong currents and strong currents cannot lack understanding and experience.

What helps us identify this question as a Dangling Modifier question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

A modifier, characterized by all of the following:
1. Verb+ing or Verb in 3rd form
2. Separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma
3. Appears at the very beginning of the sentence

Whenever you see this Stop Sign, focus on the modifier: check whether the noun right after the modifier is indeed the noun that the modifier describes. If it isn't - you've found your mistake.

Nice!

This answer choice corrects the original Subject Verb Agreement error by matching the plural subject people to the plural verb drown.

Lacking understanding and experience, many people, quite often children under the age of fourteen, are pulled out to sea by strong currents and drowns
Lacking understanding and experience, strong currents pull many people, quite often children under the age of fourteen, out to sea where they drown
Many people lacking understanding and experience, quite often children under the age of fourteen, are pulled out to sea by strong currents and drown
Many people lacking understanding and experience, quite often children under the age of fourteen, is pulled out to sea by strong currents and drown
Many people, quite often children under the age of fourteen,  that lacks the understanding and experience, drown after being pulled out to sea by strong currents