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Sentence Correction: Concise vs. Short & Redundant vs. Long

Most design schools require that candidates present a portfolio as part of the application process although the level of significance of such a portfolio varies according to the protocol used by each admissions committee.

Great!

This answer choice uses the Subjunctive form correctly by using the base form of a verb (present) to follow the phrase require that.

This answer choice creates a Subjunctive error. Require is one of the nine verbs to which the Subjunctive rule applies (if it is followed by that). This means that the next verb after require that should be in base form. However, presenting is not in base form.

What helps us identify this question as a Subjunctive question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

propose/recommend/require/request/insist/suggest/mandate/ask/demand that

Whenever you come across this Stop Sign, make sure that the following verb is in its base form.

This answer choice creates a Subjunctive error. Require is one of the nine verbs to which the Subjunctive rule applies (if it is followed by that). This means that the next verb after require that should be in base form. However, will present is not in base form.

What helps us identify this question as a Subjunctive question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

propose/recommend/require/request/insist/suggest/mandate/ask/demand that

Whenever you come across this Stop Sign, make sure that the following verb is in its base form.

This answer choice creates a Subjunctive error. Require is one of the nine verbs to which the Subjunctive rule applies (if it is followed by that). This means that the next verb after require that should be in base form. However, have presented is not in base form.

What helps us identify this question as a Subjunctive question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

propose/recommend/require/request/insist/suggest/mandate/ask/demand that

Whenever you come across this Stop Sign, make sure that the following verb is in its base form.

Although this answer choice is grammatically correct, the omission of the phrase the protocol used by results in some meaning loss as in the original sentence it gives us information about how the admissions committee functions.

Do not automatically choose the shortest answer choice. Make sure that shorter answers express the same meaning that's been stated in the original sentence. If they don't, they're probably incorrect.

present a portfolio as part of the application process although the level of significance of such a portfolio varies according to the protocol used by
presenting a portfolio as part of the application process although the level of significance of such a portfolio varies according to the protocol used by
will present a portfolio as part of the application process although the level of significance of such a portfolio varies according to the protocol used by
present a portfolio as part of the application process although the level of significance of such a portfolio varies according to
have presented a portfolio as part of the application process although the level of significance of such a portfolio varies according to the protocol used by