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Sentence Correction: Subject Verb Agreement - X of Y Subject

The House of Lords, like the House of Commons and the Sovereign, is a section of the parliament of the United Kingdom that assembles in the Palace of Westminster and consists of 743 appointed members.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The like section should not include a conjugated verb. In this answer choice, however, the like section includes a conjugated verb (like the House of Commons and the Sovereign are).

What helps us identify this question as a Comparative question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

Like, unlike, than, as

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The like section should not include a conjugated verb. In this answer choice, however, the like section includes a conjugated verb (Like the House of Commons and the Sovereign are).

What helps us identify this question as a Comparative question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

Like, unlike, than, as

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect.

The House of Lords is an X of Y subject. In such cases, the verb should agree with X (The House), which is singular. However, the verb are is plural

Wat helps us identify this question as a Subject Verb Agreement question as well as identify this mistake is the following Stop Sign:

The subject is in the form of X of Y

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect.

The House of Lords is an X of Y subject. In such cases, the verb should agree with X (The House), which is singular. However, the verb are is plural

Wat helps us identify this question as a Subject Verb Agreement question as well as identify this mistake is the following Stop Sign:

The subject is in the form of X of Y

Great job!

This answer choice is the only grammatically correct one. It refrains from using a verb in the like section of a Comparative (like the House of Commons and the Sovereign) while matching the singular subject House of Lords with the singular verb is.

The House of Lords, like the House of Commons and the Sovereign, is a section of the parliament of the United Kingdom that assembles in the Palace of Westminster and consists of 743 appointed members
The House of Lords, which assembles in the Palace of Westminster and consists of 743 appointed members, are a section of the parliament of the United Kingdom like the House of Commons and the Sovereign.
Assembling in the Palace of Westminster and consisting of 743 appointed members, the House of Lords is a section of the parliament of the United Kingdom, like the House of Commons and the Sovereign are
Like the House of Commons and the Sovereign, the House of Lords are a section of the parliament of the United Kingdom that assembles in the Palace of Westminster and consists of 743 appointed members
Like the House of Commons and the Sovereign are, the House of Lords is a section of the parliament of the United Kingdom that consists of 743 appointed members and assembles in the Palace of Westminster