Don’t lose your progress!

We cover every section of the GMAT with in-depth lessons, 5000+ practice questions and realistic practice tests.

Up to 100+ points GMAT score improvement guarantee

The best guarantee you’ll find

Our Premium and Ultimate plans guarantee up to 100+ points score increase or your money back.

Master each section of the test

Comprehensive GMAT prep

We cover every section of the GMAT with in-depth lessons, 5000+ practice questions and realistic practice tests.

Schedule-free studying

Learn on the go

Study whenever and wherever you want with our iOS and Android mobile apps.

The most effective way to study

Personalized GMAT prep, just for you!

Adaptive learning technology focuses on your academic weaknesses.

Critical Reasoning: Boldface Type Questions

Clearly, the pollution of the beaches is doubly harmful. Not only does the pollution hurt the wildlife inhabiting the stretches of the seashore but also the youth's education towards conservation is hindered by the frequenting of nature resorts which are continuously polluted. Therefore, it is extremely important that the authorities keep the beaches clean.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

Incorrect.

[[snippet]]

While this answer choice defines the first boldface part correctly, it defines the second incorrectly. The fact that youth's education is harmed by going to polluted beaches does not contradict the fact that pollution hurts the wildlife, but rather strengthens the position that pollution is doubly harmful. Notice the opening of the sentence: not only... but also prepares us for two facts which add force to each other.

Incorrect.

[[snippet]]

The first boldface portion is not a premise, as it is based on the following data presented (and includes the conclusion word clearly). You can immediately eliminate answer choices that incorrectly define the first boldface part; do not waste time reading the rest.

Incorrect.

[[snippet]]

While this answer choice defines the first boldface part correctly, it defines the second incorrectly. The second piece cannot by any means be an inference (conclusion) since it presents new information which is not based on other data.

Incorrect.

[[snippet]]

Pollution being doubly harmful is presented as an opinion, as indicated by the conclusion word clearly. You can immediately eliminate answer choices that incorrectly define the first boldface part; do not waste time reading the rest.

Right you are!

[[snippet]]

The first boldfaced expresses the position of the argument, where the second is the second premise, which combines with the first premise  to support the argument's position/conclusion.

The first is the opinion favored by the argument; the second is an additional piece of evidence which enhances the same conclusion as the former piece of evidence does.
The first is an assumption; the second is a premise which adds information to a previous premise.
The first is a conclusion; the second is an inference based on a previous premise.
The first is a premise; the second is a conclusion based on a previous premise.
The first is the general position of the argument; the second is an additional piece of evidence which stands in apparent contradiction to the previous information.