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Sentence Correction: Parts of Speech - Noun/Adjective vs. Verb+ing

Although Jane kept up appearances and seemed to be fine, the deciding to leave her husband took a huge toll on her.

Correct!

This answer choice corrects the original Parts of Speech mistake by changing deciding to decision.

While this answer choice corrects the original Parts of Speech mistake, it is stylistically flawed (redundant). There is another answer choice that is also grammatically correct and is better than this answer choice as it is more concise, that is expresses the same meaning in fewer words.

Did you read the fifth (last) answer choice?  

The lesson to be learned here is not to declare an answer choice correct before eliminating all other four answer choices. After eliminating the answer choice that repeat the original mistake (that is, (A) and (C)), you need to compare the remaining answer choices carefully and eliminate one of them.

Remember: we do not choose a correct answer choice - we eliminate four incorrect answer choices. Had you read both this answer choice and the last one, you would have seen that the only difference between them is to be and hopefully would not have made the mistake you made.

Now select the correct answer.

Why did you prefer the fourth answer choice to the fifth one?

OK. So first of all, well done for identifying and correcting the Parts of Speech mistake. Although this task deals with Parts of Speech, getting it wrong in your case does not indicate poor knowledge of Parts of Speech. On the contrary, choosing this answer choice proves good mastery of Parts of Speech.

On the other hand, not being able to identify the stylistic advantage of the concise fifth answer choice over the redundant fourth answer choice is something you should be aware of and try to improve.

Now select the correct answer.

OK. So first of all, well done for identifying and correcting the Parts of Speech mistake. Although this task deals with Parts of Speech, getting it wrong in your case does not indicate poor knowledge of Parts of Speech. On the contrary, choosing this answer choice proves good mastery of Parts of Speech.

The lesson to be learned here is that choosing an answer choice purely on the basis of its similarity to the original sentence is not a good strategy. A correct answer choice can be structurally different from the original sentence, use different words that have the same meaning, etc. Form is not as important as content.

Now select the correct answer.

OK. So first of all, well done for identifying and correcting the Parts of Speech mistake. Although this task deals with Parts of Speech, getting it wrong in your case does not indicate poor knowledge of Parts of Speech. On the contrary, choosing this answer choice proves good mastery of Parts of Speech.

What you do need to improve is a more general skill: distinguishing between omissions that result in meaning loss and are thus a cause for elimination and omissions that do not result in meaning loss and thus make the answer choice more concise (as in this case). 

Now select the correct answer. 

This answer choice repeats the original Parts of Speech mistake: an article (in this case, the) requires a noun. Deciding is not a noun.  

Note that stylistically, this answer choice is better than the original sentence as it is more concise - the omission of the words to be after seemed did not result is any meaning loss. However, grammatical correctness is more important than stylistic preferences. The correct answer to a Sentence Correction question can be stylistically flawed (that is, redundant or ambiguous), but can never be grammatically incorrect. 

While this answer choice corrects the original Parts of Speech mistake, it also changes the meaning of the original sentence by omitting the word huge.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect: an article (in this case, the) requires a noun. Deciding is not a noun.   

to be fine, the deciding to leave her husband took a huge toll on her
fine, deciding to leave her husband took a toll on her
fine, the deciding to leave her husband took a huge toll on her
to be fine, the decision to leave her husband took a huge toll on her
fine, the decision to leave her husband took a huge toll on her
Yes
No

I thought the omission of the words to be changed the meaning.

The fourth answer choice is more similar to the original sentence.
I thought they were equally good and guessed one.