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Sentence Correction: Subject Verb Agreement - Verb Precedes Subject

Which word is the subject of the following sentence?

Amid the snowy mountains lies a hidden valley.

The correct answer is valley.

The verb in this sentence is lies, which is in the singular form. The subject must be something that performs that action - something that lies. Only the word valley is a singular noun which agrees with lies. To be sure, try to change lies into its plural form and see what noun must change -

Amid the snowy mountains lie hidden valleys.

In order to agree with the plural verb lie, we had to change the noun valley into its plural form - valleys. This tells us that valley is the subject.

When testing for Subject Verb Agreement, we must look at the verb and ask what the subject of the verb is, i.e., what or who performs that action, and be aware that the subject can come after the verb.

That's right!

The word snowy describes the word mountain. It cannot perform the action of the sentence (snowy can't lie) so it is definitely not the subject.


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