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Sentence Correction: Subject Verb Agreement - Verb Precedes Subject

The following sentence includes a Subject Verb Agreement stop sign. Which word in the sentence is the verb?

There is a problem here.

Since a verb is an action, the word is must be the verb in this sentence (from the verb to be). The word problem cannot be an action.

Since a verb is an action, the word is must be the verb in this sentence (from the verb to be). The word There cannot be an action.

The correct answer is the word is which comes from the verb to be.

Since a verb is an action, the word is must be the verb in this sentence. The other words - There and problem - cannot describe an action.

The word There cannot be the subject of a sentence as There cannot perform actions.

The correct answer is a problem.

The correct answer is a problem.

The correct answer is problem.

Only the word problem can be the subject of a sentence as only it can perform actions (in this case the action is simply being). The word There cannot be the subject of a sentence as there cannot perform actions.

Nice.

Only the word problem can be the subject of a sentence as only it can perform actions (in this case the action is simply being).

Good.

Since a verb is an action, the word is must be the verb in this sentence (from the verb to be).

If is is the verb, what is the subject of this verb? In other words, what word performs the action?

Normally, the subject is what comes BEFORE the verb, but sometimes the subject comes after the verb, as in this case in which the subject is a problem, not There. Let's turn this sentence into plural:

There are problems here.

Once the verb became plural (are), what changed is the subject: the singular a problem became pluralproblems. The word There did not change. This proves further that There is not the subject of the sentence.

It is important in the GMAT to look at the verb and ask what the subject of the verb is, i.e., what or who performs that action, and to be aware that the subject can come after the verb.

problem
There

I don't know

is
problem
There

I don't know