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Sentence Correction: Subject Verb Agreement Questions - Overview

What is the subject of the following sentence?

Many Americans, despite learning foreign languages such as French at school, speak only English fluently.

Very good!

Almost... Americans are part of the subject, but not all of it.  

This part is separated from the rest of the sentence by two commas. The purpose of this separation by commas is to show the reader that the part between the commas is not an integral part of the sentence. Remember that the subject and the verb are never separated by a single comma.

This answer includes the subject of the sentence and then some...

Despite learning foreign languages such as French at school, is separated from the rest of the sentence by two commas. The purpose of this separation by commas is to show the reader that the part between the commas is not an integral part of the sentence. Remember that the subject and the verb are never separated by a single comma.

Americans
Many Americans
despite learning foreign languages such as French at school
Many Americans, despite learning foreign languages such as French at school,