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Sentence Correction: Tenses - Verb Forms

The police officer adamantly refused to legally declare that the ladies were missing since to grant them the status of missing persons require that they be gone for at least 24 hours.

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect and stylistically flawed. The singular subject to grant does not agree with the plural verb require.

Remember that a subject in the form of To Verb is considered a singular subject.

Furthermore, the phrase to grant them the status of missing persons repeats the idea of the phrase to legally declare that the ladies were missing, and is therefore redundant.

Great work!

This answer choice corrects the original Subject-Verb Agreement mistake by changing the plural verb require to the singular verb requires.  And, by replacing the redundant words to grant them the status with to do so (which is also a singular subject), the corrected sentence becomes more concise.

Note also that the corrected sentence replaces the wordy clause declare that the ladies were missing with the more concise declare the ladies missing persons.

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect and stylistically flawed. The singular subject granting does not agree with the plural verb require.

Remember that a subject in the form of Verb+ing, just like a subject in the form of To V, is considered a singular subject.

Furthermore, the phrase granting them the status of missing persons repeats the idea of the phrase to legally declare that the ladies were missing, and is therefore redundant.

Incorrect.

Although it corrects the original mistake, this answer choice repeats the original stylistic flaw and adds another. The phrase to be granted the status of missing persons is in the passive voice, which is often considered redundant on the GMAT.

In addition, this phrase  repeats the idea of the phrase to legally declare that the ladies were missing, and is therefore redundant. The addition of the words in order to be is even more wordy than the original phrasing. Therefore, this answer choice should have been eliminated for redundancy

Incorrect.

Although it corrects the original mistake, this answer choice repeats the original stylistic flaw. In addition,  it does not fit into the original sentence since it begins with the word declaring, creating this grammatically incorrect sentence:

The police officer refused to legally declaring...

The correct verbal form, which fits after to, can only be the base form (to V). However, declaring is a V-ing form.

No. This is a perfectly idiomatic and grammatical construction. The corrected sentence turns both the ladies and missing persons into objects of the verb declare.  That's why as isn't needed.  Two direct objects that follow each other is common in verbs describing actions that cause a new state to come into being, such as "declare", "promise", or "wish".

Certainly:

The judge declared the defendant guilty. // The judge declared that the defendant was guilty.

The woman wished her husband well. // The woman wished that her husband be well.

The boss promised Jane a vacation. // The boss promised to Jane that she would have a vacation.

Notice that in the more concise phrasing in the left-hand column, the verbs take two objects simultaneously - defendant/guilty; husband/well; Jane/a vacation.

declare that the ladies were missing since to grant them the status of missing persons require that they be gone
declare the ladies missing persons since to do so requires that they be gone
declare that the ladies were missing since granting them the status of missing persons require that they be gone
declare that the ladies were missing since it is required that they be gone, in order to be granted the status of missing persons,
declaring that the ladies were missing since to grant them the status of missing persons requires that they be gone
Wait a minute: how can "declare the ladies missing persons" be correct? Shouldn't it be "declare the ladies as missing persons?"
Can you give me a few examples?