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Sentence Correction: Subject Verb Agreement - Ving/to V Subject

Jane has published a novel, but writing short stories have always been her dream.

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The singular subject writing does not agree with the plural verb have.

Remember that a subject in the form of Verb+ing is considered a singular subject.

Incorrect.

This answer choice corrects the original Subject Verb Agreement mistake. However, it creates a new one by changing the first word from the plural have to the singular has.

Good!

This answer choice corrects the original grammatical mistake. The singular subject writing does not agree with the plural verb have. This answer choice corrects this mistake by replacing have with the singular verb has.

Remember that a subject in the form of Verb+ing is considered a singular subject.

Incorrect.

While this answer choice corrects the original Subject Verb Agreement mistake and is grammaticaly correct, it changes the meaning of the original sentence by omitting the word always.  

Did you notice this omission?

Incorrect.

While this answer choice corrects the original Subject Verb Agreement mistake and is grammatically correct, it changes the meaning of the original sentence by replacing short stories with a short story.

Did you notice this change?

That is most probably why you got this question wrong. In Sentence Correction, you do not choose a correct answer choice. You eliminate four answer choices and choose the one that's left. In order to do so, you need to go over all five answer choices.  

After eliminating the answer choices that repeat the original mistake, you need to go over all the remaining answer choices and examine them carefully, reading them from beginning to end.

Do not assume that the only thing that changes in the answer choices is the part which was flawed in the original sentence. Different answer choices can make all kinds of changes in various parts of the sentence.    

Did you choose this answer choice because you thought it was more concise without the always?

There's a difference between concise and short. A concise answer choice is one that expresses the exact same meaning as that of the original sentence in fewer words. In this case, however, the omission of the word always causes some meaning loss, making this answer choice shorter but not more concise.

Next time, consider whether a change might have a reason. If you don't consider the reasons for changes, your selection is not much better than a guess. Remember always to follow the Work Order. 

It's good that you noticed, but this change also has significance. Next time you see a small change, ask yourself whether it impacts the correctness of the answer choice. 

has published a novel, but writing short stories have always
has published a novel, but writing a short story has always
have published a novel, but writing short stories has always
has published a novel, but writing short stories has always
has published a novel, but writing short stories has
Yes
No
Yes
No
Yes
No