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Sentence Correction: Subject Verb Agreement - Ving/to V Subject

Although John is not very competitive, losing are feared and hated by him

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The singular subject losing does not agree with the plural verb are.

Remember that a subject in the form of Verb+ing is considered a singular subject.

Incorrect.

This answer choice repeats the original Subject Verb Agreement mistake. The singular subject losing does not agree with the plural verb are.

Remember that a subject in the form of Verb+ing is considered a singular subject.

Incorrect.

This answer choice repeats the original Subject Verb Agreement mistake. The singular subject losing does not agree with the plural verb are.

Remember that a subject in the form of Verb+ing is considered a singular subject.

Incorrect.

Although this answer choice corrects the original Subject Verb Agreement mistake, it is stylistically flawed. Replacing the single word Although with the four-word phrase Despite the fact that creates redundancy.

Good!

This answer choice corrects the original Subject Verb Agreement mistake, by changing the sentence structure. In the incorrect sentence losing are feared and hated, the subject was losing - a singular subject, and therefore the plural verb are did not agree with it.

In the corrected sentence John is the subject of the sentence (and losing is the object). Therefore the singular verbs fears and hates agree with the singular subject John 

Although John is not very competitive, losing are feared and hated by him
Losing are feared and hated by John although he is not very competitive
Although not very competitive, losing are feared and hated by John
Despite the fact that John is not very competitive, losing is feared and hated by him
Although he is not very competitive, John fears and hates losing