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Sentence Correction: Subject Verb Agreement - X of Y Subject

In his discussion of natural rights, the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes claim that the fundamental rights of a human being includes the right to life, the right to liberty, and the right to food.

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect and contains two Subject Verb Agreement mistakes.

Fundamental rights of a human being is an X of Y subject. In such cases, the verb should agree with X (rights), which is plural. However, the verb includes is singular.

Also, the singular proper noun the English philosopher Thomas Hobbs does not agree with the plural verb claim.

What helps us identify this question as a Subject Verb Agreement question as well as identify the second mistake is the following Stop Sign:

- The subject is in the form of X of Y

Excellent!

This answer choice corrects the two Subject Verb Agreement mistakes in the original question by changing the plural verb claim to the singular verb claims and the singular verb includes to the plural verb include

Incorrect.

Although it corrects one of the original Subject Verb Agreement mistakes, this answer choice is still grammatically incorrect. The singular subject the English philosopher Thomas Hobbs does not agree with the plural verb claim.

Incorrect.

Although it corrects the two original Subject Verb Agreement mistakes and is grammatically correct, this answer choice changes the meaning of the original sentence by adding the words are bound to.

Incorrect.

Although this answer choice corrects the two original Subject Verb Agreement mistakes, it changes the original meaning of the sentence. In the original sentence, there was no direct connection between natural rights and fundamental rights, whereas this answer choice connects the two.

the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes claim that the fundamental rights of a human being includes
Thomas Hobbes, the English philosopher, claims that the fundamental human rights include
the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes claim all human beings are entitled to fundamental rights such a
the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes claims that the fundamental rights of a human being are bound to include
claimed to be the fundamental rights of a human being, the English philosopher Thomas Hobbes includes