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Sentence Correction: Relative Clauses - One of the + plural noun + who/which/that

Athletics, also known as track and field athletics, are a collection of sports events that involve running, throwing and jumping.

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The singular subject athletics does not agree with the plural verb are.

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Incorrect.

This answer choice repeats the original Subject Verb Agreement mistake. The singular subject athletics does not agree with the plural verb are.

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In addition, the omission of the word also changes the meaning of the original sentence.

Incorrect.

Let's start with what this answer choice does right. It replaces two-word phrase that involve with the single word involving, which makes it the most concise of the five answer choices.

However, this answer choice is grammatically incorrect as it repeats the original Subject Verb Agreement mistake. The singular subject athletics does not agree with the plural verb are.

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Incorrect.

While this answer choice corrects the original Subject Verb Agreement mistake by replacing the plural verb are with the singular verb is, it creates a new Subject Verb Agreement mistake.

In the corrected sentence, the singular verb involves does not agree with the plural subject sports events.

Very good!

This answer choice corrects the original Subject Verb Agreement mistake by replacing the plural verb are with the singular verb is, to agree with the singular subject athletics.

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When we have a relative clause beginning with "that...." (...that involves running, throwing,  and jumping.) . We need to use logic and pay attention to the meaning to figure out what is being modified by the relative clause.

In the previous question, the relative clause beginning with "that" was: "(...are a collection of sports events) that involve running, throwing and jumping.

What we want to know is - "what does involve refer to?" What is the subject of the verb involve? So we must ask ourselves: does the collection involve running throwing and jumping? Or do the sports events involve running, throwing and jumping? The answer is clearly - the events involve running throwing and jumping. Therefore the relative clause modifies "events". Involve must be in plural form to match event.

When we have a relative clause beginning with "that...." (...that incorporates running...etc.) . We need to use logic and pay attention to the meaning to figure out what is being modified by the relative clause.

In the previous question, the relative clause beginning with "that" was: "(...are a collection of sports events) that involve running, throwing and jumping.

What we want to know is - "what does involve refer to?" What is the subject of the verb involve? So we must ask ourselves: does the collection involve running throwing and jumping? Or do the sports events involve running, throwing and jumping? The answer is clearly - the events involve running throwing and jumping. Therefore the relative clause modifies "events". Involve must be in plural form to match event.

Not in this case. When we have a relative clause beginning with "that...." (...that involves running, throwing,  and jumping.), we need to use logic and pay attention to the meaning to figure out what is being modified by the relative clause.

What we want to know is -what is the subject of the verb involve? So we must ask ourselves: does the collection involve running throwing and jumping? Or do the sports events involve running, throwing and jumping? The answer is clearly - the events involve running throwing and jumping. Therefore the relative clause modifies "events". Involve must be in plural form to match event.

Not in this case. When we have a relative clause beginning with "that...." (...that involves running, throwing,  and jumping.), we need to use logic and pay attention to the meaning to figure out what is being modified by the relative clause.

What, in your opinion is the subject of the verb involve

That's right. The answer is clearly - the events (plural) involve running throwing and jumping.

Therefore, the relative clause modifies events. Logically speaking, involve must be in plural form to match events.


Are you sure? Both options are grammatical possibilities, but ask yourself which is the logical choice?  What does the verb involve(s) refer to? The collection - or the sports events?

No. That doesn't make sense. Logically speaking, it is  the events (plural) that involve running throwing and jumping. Therefore, the relative clause modifies events.

According to logic, involve must be in plural form to match events.

also known as track and field athletics, are a collection of sports events that involve
known as track and field athletics, are a collection of sports events that involve
also known as track and field athletics, are a collection of sports events involving
also known as track and field athletics, is a collection of sports events that involves
also known as track and field athletics, is a collection of sports events that involve
But isn't "involves" supposed to agree with "a collection"?
a collection of sports events
sports events

The collection involves running, throwing and jumping

The sports events involve running, throwing and jumping