Don’t lose your progress!

We cover every section of the GMAT with in-depth lessons, 5000+ practice questions and realistic practice tests.

Up to 100+ points GMAT score improvement guarantee

The best guarantee you’ll find

Our Premium and Ultimate plans guarantee up to 100+ points score increase or your money back.

Master each section of the test

Comprehensive GMAT prep

We cover every section of the GMAT with in-depth lessons, 5000+ practice questions and realistic practice tests.

Schedule-free studying

Learn on the go

Study whenever and wherever you want with our iOS and Android mobile apps.

The most effective way to study

Personalized GMAT prep, just for you!

Adaptive learning technology focuses on your academic weaknesses.

Reading Comprehension: Structure Questions

The first paragraph performs which of the following functions in the passage?



Although the first paragraph introduces the process which stands at the center of the passage, this process is also described in further detail in the first paragraph. We know this from the word Initially (which opens the fourth sentence), which indicates that the paragraph returns to the process in order to elaborate on it. 



The end of the process described in this passage is discussed in the second paragraph, not the first.



Though the paragraph clearly fulfills more than one function, it does not alternate between two topics. The paragraph begins with the main idea of the passage (the first three sentences), and then proceeds to discuss one aspect of this idea in greater detail.



Although the first sentence of the first paragraph presents a topic which is perhaps not commonly very well known, it does not deal with a common misconception.

Also, we can eliminate this answer choice based on its second part, which states that the first paragraph contains reasons. Reading the second and third sentences of the first paragraph makes it clear that they do not focus on reasons but on details and facts.

Very good!


The second paragraph describes how Gondwana broke apart, eventually creating the continent Antarctica, while the first paragraph describes what happened to Gondwana before it began to break up.

It begins with a discussion of one topic and continues with a discussion of another topic.
It introduces the process discussed in the passage, which is described in further detail only in the second paragraph.
It describes the process discussed in the passage from beginning to end.
It portrays a common misconception and proceeds to explain the reasons for it.
It presents the background for a process discussed in the second paragraph.