The rate of unemployment in Country X is higher than is the rate of unemployment in Country Y. Therefore, the number of unemployed people in Country X is greater than the number of unemployed people in Country Y is.

Which of the following is an assumption underlying the above conclusion?

Correct!

[[snippet]]Only if the population in both countries is the same can the **rates** be translated to actual **number of people** out of work. Otherwise, if Country X was much smaller than Country Y, it could have had a higher unemployment **rate** but less unemployed **people**. To reach the **conclusion**, the author had to **assume** both countries have the same population.

Incorrect.

[[snippet]]If the rate of unemployment in Country X was 30% or 95% - would that affect the **conclusion**? Unfortunately, it wouldn't. The exact unemployment rate of Country X is irrelevant to this question, because it fails to explain what the author **assumed** by reaching the **conclusion**.

Incorrect.

[[snippet]]This answer choice presents a **new premise** about the **skill level** of the population in both countries. It is irrelevant whether this new data supports the conclusion; what you are looking for is the **assumption**, which should explain how the author drew the **conclusion** based on the existing **premises**.

Incorrect.

[[snippet]]The countries' size or area (as opposed to the size of the countries' **population**) does not directly influence unemployment, and therefore cannot explain how the author reached the **conclusion**.

Incorrect.

[[snippet]]This answer choice presents a **new premise** about the **rate of men and women** in
the population in both countries. As gender is outside the scope of this argument, it cannot explain what the author **assumed** in order to reach the **conclusion**.

The unemployment rate in Country X is 15%.

The population of Country Y is more skilled than the population of Country X.

The number of people in Country X is the same as the number of people in Country Y.

The size of Country X is the same as that of Country Y.

In both countries, the ratio of the number of men to the number of women is the same.