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Critical Reasoning: Boldface Type Questions

Organizational Consultant: engineers in multi-disciplinary environments tend to use a highly specific technical jargon in order to smoothly facilitate  knowledge-sharing and joint projects. Unfortunately, such use of technical language can deter employees from non-technical divisions, such as Marketing & Sales or Human Resources, from approaching the technical staff and communicating with its members effectively. Nevertheless, it is possible to create the appropriate corporate culture under which the engineers will use the technical jargon when working with other engineers and constrain themselves to simpler terms when conversing with non-technical staff, thus establishing clear channels of communication on all fronts.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

Incorrect.

[[snippet]]

The first portion in boldface is not a strategy. It is the first of two premises that together portray an undesirable condition or situation, one in which there is miscommunication between engineers and non-technical staff. You can immediately eliminate answer choices that incorrectly define the first boldface part; do not waste time reading the rest.

Excellent!

[[snippet]]

This answer choice gives an accurate definition of both boldface portions. Note that the fact that the engineers have their own jargon is not undersirable, as it facilitates work, but it is problematic when they tend to use it when speaking with non-engineers.

Incorrect.

[[snippet]]

The first boldface portion describes a method of communication that is valuable for the engineers and therefore is not seen as undesirable. Only when this method is applied to non-engineers does it become problematic. You can immediately eliminate answer choices that incorrectly define the first boldface part; do not waste time reading the rest.

Incorrect.

[[snippet]]

The first boldface portion describes a method of communication that is valuable for the engineers and therefore is not seen as undesirable. Only when this method is applied to non-engineers does it become problematic. You can immediately eliminate answer choices that incorrectly define the first boldface part; do not waste time reading the rest.

Incorrect.

[[snippet]]

The first portion in boldface is not an opinion. It's a premise, a fact that we should accept as true. You can immediately eliminate answer choices that incorrectly define the first boldface part; do not waste time reading the rest.

The first describes a behavior which the organizational consultant deems problematic in certain circumstances; the second explains why this behavior can be problematic.
The first is a strategy advocated in order to alleviate an undesirable condition; the second describes that condition.
The first describes a certain condition which the organizational consultant deems undesirable; the second is a strategy advocated in order to alleviate that condition.
The first describes a certain condition which the organizational consultant deems undesirable; the second is a suggestion on how to preserve that situation.
The first is an opinion expressed by the organizational consultant; the second is evidence which supports this opinion.