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Critical Reasoning: Inference Questions

The budget committees of the Ministry of Finance in Country X determine the scope of governmental funding of various national projects. Currently, the budget committees include only a few representatives of Women's Rights Organizations. Unbiased experts agree that this lack of representation is directly linked to the fact that Women's Rights initiatives fail to receive necessary governmental financing.

Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the information above?

Incorrect.

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None of the premises describe the intentions of the government, so accepting this answer choice as the argument's conclusion requires further assumptions (for example, that the government controls the number of representatives in committees).

Remember that the correct answer to an Inference question must take only a small step beyond what is stated in the argument

Incorrect.

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The premises tell us that funding is a result of representation in the committees, not the other way around, so there is no basis for the conclusion that more funding will secure more seats in committees.

Incorrect.

[[snippet]]

The premises tell us that the lack of funding is a result of little representation, not inadequate or failed representation, so there is no basis for the conclusion that the existing representatives are to blame.

Incorrect.

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None of the premises describe the number or variety of the committees as an influence on funding, so accepting this answer choice as the argument's conclusion requires further assumptions (for example, that new committees would be able to provide funding).

Remember that the correct answer to an Inference question must take only a small step beyond what is stated in the argument.

That's right!

[[snippet]]

The premises tell us that the lack of funding is a result of little representation in the committees, so we can conclude that more representation would lead to more funding.

The government in Country X attempts to limit the funding given to Women's Rights initiatives by restricting the number of their representatives in the budget committees.
Women's Rights Organizations need to raise additional funding in order to secure more seats for their representatives in the committees.
The current representatives of the Women's Rights Organizations are to blame for the failure to receive sufficient government funding.
Women's Rights initiatives would receive more governmental funding if the budget committees included more Women's Rights Representatives.
In order to increase the representation of Women's Rights Organizations in the Ministry of Finance budget committees, several new committees must be established.