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Sentence Correction: Subject Verb Agreement Questions - Overview

What is the subject of the following sentence?

There are three cups on the table.

Good!

In 5% of the cases, the subject is not what appears BEFORE the verb, but rather appears AFTER the verb. This is one of these rare cases. How can we identify the subject in these cases? We know that the subject and the verb must agree in number. The verb are is plural. Therefore, the subject must also be plural. Since the table is singular, it cannot be the correct answer.

Are is a verb, and we're looking for the subject.

While it is true that in 95% of the cases, the subject comes BEFORE the verb, there are cases in which the order is reversed and the subject comes AFTER the verb. This is one of these rare cases. How can we identify the subject in these cases? We know that the subject and the verb must agree in number. The verb are is plural. Therefore, the subject must also be plural

There
are
There are
three cups
the table