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# Critical Reasoning: Argument Structure - Identifying the Conclusion by Recommendation

Which sentence(s) in the following argument is/are premise(s)?

(1) A 1999 study found that  the average age of marriage in Country X was 25 for men and 31 for women. (2) A similar study conducted 5 years later found that the average age of marriage in Country X remained the same for men but dropped to 20 for women. (3) Following these studies, it is recommended that the government of Country X consider passing a law that will determine 18 as a minimum age for marriage.

While sentence 1 is indeed a premise, it is not the only premise in the argument.

While sentence 2 is indeed a premise, it is not the only premise in the argument.

Does a sentence which contains a recommendation characterize a premise or a conclusion?

Like most arguments, this argument consists of both one or more premises and a conclusion. Therefore, at least one of the three sentences is a conclusion.

Well done!

Any recommendation made in the argument indicates to the conclusion. Since the author makes a recommendation in sentence (3), that sentence is the conclusion. The other two sentences, describing findings are premises.

Very good.

A recommendation indeed characterizes a conclusion, so sentence 3 is the argument's conclusion.

Incorrect.

A premise is an already existing fact, such as the findings of a study/research. Any recommendation made in the argument indicates to the conclusion.

A premise is an already existing fact, such as the findings of a study/research. Any recommendation made in the argument indicates to the conclusion.

Sentence 1 only
Sentence 2 only
Sentence 3 only
Sentences 1 and 2
Sentences 1, 2 and 3

I don't know

Premise
Conclusion

I don't know