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Reading Comprehension: Structure Questions

One function of the first paragraph is to

Great!

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The first paragraph describes the characteristics of endotherms (they regulate their own body temperature, for example). These characteristics allow endotherms to be affected by changes in air temperature, a process described in the third paragraph. The reasons that endotherms are susceptible to changes in air temperature are related to its metabolic functioning and resource consumption, as described in the second paragraph.

Incorrect.

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The first paragraph tells us that endotherms regulate their own body temperature. However, the mechanisms by which it does so (heat dissipation and production) are introduced in the first paragraph, not the second.

Incorrect.

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The first paragraph describes the process by which an endotherm self-regulates its body temperature.

Incorrect.

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The first paragraph describes the process by which an endotherm self-regulates its body temperature. However, the third paragraph does not discuss the effects of this process, as it is not thermo-regulation which affects the endotherms but another process: changes in external air temperature.

Incorrect.

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The first paragraph does not explain why endotherms are susceptible to changes in air temperature; the author explains this phenomenon in the second paragraph.

Incorrect.

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The two mechanisms used by endotherms are heat production and heat dissipation, and the first paragraph tells us that the former is more efficient than the latter. However, there is no information in the passage to support the idea that changes in external temperature affect endotherms because they cannot dissipate heat as well as they can produce it.

introduce a type of animal which may be affected in detrimental ways by the process described in the third paragraph and provide the reasons why that animal is susceptible to that process
describe the characteristics of a type of animal which allow that type of animal to be influenced by the process discussed in the third paragraph, the reasons for this influence being elaborated upon in the second paragraph
explain the relationship between two mechanisms used by a type of animal and how that relationship may, in light of the process described in the third paragraph, have a detrimental impact on that animal
describe a process that occurs in a certain type of animal which is further elaborated upon in the second paragraph and the effects of which are described in the third paragraph
discuss a natural phenomenon occurring in a type of animal, the mechanisms of which are introduced in the second paragraph and the implications of which are described in the third paragraph