Our Premium and Ultimate plans guarantee up to 90+ points score increase or your money back.
We cover every section of the GMAT with in-depth lessons, 5000+ practice questions and realistic practice tests.
Study whenever and wherever you want with our iOS and Android mobile apps.
Adaptive learning technology focuses on your academic weaknesses.
Which of the following is true according to the theories of 1970s agrarian historians?
The third paragraph provides us with examples of European technologies and farming methods (as we know from the first paragraph) that did not work as well as Russian technologies and farming methods. This does not mean that the methods Russian peasants used were the most suitable, only that they were more suitable than the European option.
The third paragraph says that Russian peasants were utility motivated (i.e. they cared about making money). This does not mean, however, that they were concerned with increasing their profits. Instead, The risk of loss of precious time or harvest outweighed the possible benefits of new technologies - meaning that the Russian peasants were motivated by fear of losing, rather than by increasing profits.
Nowhere in the passage is it stated that Russian peasants were poor. The passage only states that they could not afford machinery - it is possible, however, that the machinery was highly expensive, as new technology tends to be, and in any case their lack of resources only prevented them from using machinery - not the other aspects of the new technology, such as metal tools.
The third paragraph tells us that Russian peasants were driven by their economic needs i.e. they wanted to make money. However, their actions still did not conform to the expectations of neoclassical theory, which the first paragraph tells us means maximizing profit. Instead, The risk of loss of precious time or harvest outweighed the possible benefits of new technologies - meaning that The Russian peasants were motivated by fear of losing, rather than by increasing profits.
This answer choices incorrectly states that Russian peasants tried to use metal appliances but failed to do so. The passage, however, tells us that they simply did not use this new technology.