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With which of the following statements would the author of the passage most likely agree?
The author says that the 1970s agrarian historians mentioned in the third paragraph convincingly make their arguments, which indicates that he or she agrees with their version of events.
The third paragraph provides several examples of how new farming techniques (that we may infer originated with the Europeans) were not suitable for the conditions in the Russian countryside or the conditions of Russian technological development at the time.
This answer choice misrepresents the theory of the 1970s agrarian historians. Russian peasants did not use new European technologies because it was not suited to Russian conditions. This theory does not state that these technologies were not useful anywhere but Europe.
This answer choice relies on Chayanov's first theory, however, there is no indication in the passage that the author agrees with it.
This answer choice relies on Chayanov's second theory, the consumption-labor-balance principle. However, the author does not state or imply his or her agreement with this theory.
This answer choice incorrectly describes Chayanov's second theory, the consumption-labor-balance principle. According to this theory, Russian peasants worked a certain amount of time each day according to the ratio of consumers to workers they had in the households, not that each household had a large number of consumers. In any case, there is no indication in the passage that the author agrees with Chayanov's theories, but rather evidence to the contrary - that he agrees with the theories presented in the third paragraph.