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Reading Comprehension: Detail Function Questions

The author uses the words in reality to indicate that

Incorrect.

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The author focuses only on the perception distortion caused by sex-marking; he or she does not claim there are no other causes for incorrect description of existing phenomena.

Incorrect.

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While it may be true that sex-marking could mean assigning "feminine" qualities to inanimate objects, there is no indication in the passage that softness is one of them. Also, the author does not claim that inanimate objects are necessarily labeled as "feminine".

Incorrect.

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The author states that the use of gendered language constitutes sex-marking only when it is irrelevant to the subject at hand. He or she does not challenge the difference between men and women or the fact language should reflect it.

Great!

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According to Frye, sex-marking means obscuring the nature of a topic by the use of irrelevant gendered images; in other words, when sex-marking is present, language distorts the reality it attempts to describe.

Incorrect.

[[snippet]]

This answer choice describes an opposite view to that of the author. The author claims that there are gender-neutral objects and that male-oriented language falsely labels them with a gender. This answer choice, however, claims everything already has a gender and that nothing is gender-neutral.

gender underlies social relations to such an extent that linguistic constructions cannot be gender neutral
since there is no inherent difference between men and women, the use of gendered linguistic constructions is always indicative of sex-marking
while inanimate objects have no gender, sex-marking assigns traditionally feminine qualities to them, such as softness, thus obscuring their true nature
linguistic constructs correctly describe existing phenomena, unless they exhibit gender bias
due to gender bias, linguistic constructs distort the nature of the phenomena they attempt to describe