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Which of the following best exemplifies an asymmetry in available information?
The student has used the furniture and is aware of its quality. The buyer, however, must rely on the student's advertising without any firsthand knowledge of the furniture.
Because of the nature of the product, neither the buyer nor the seller has information about the state of a watermelon. Therefore, there is no asymmetry of information; both parties are in the dark.
Because the buyer is allowed a trial period, he or she has an opportunity to assess the product's quality. Therefore, in this example, both the buyer and seller are aware of the product's quality.
Although the buyer is unaware of the product's quality, the seller is also unaware. If the product is immediately packaged upon assembly, the seller has no way of testing the product before its sale.
This answer choice makes it clear that the seller has information about the product's quality. However, if the seller can smell that the seafood is rotten, so can the buyer.