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The second paragraph fulfills which of the following functions in the passage?
The second paragraph shows one way in which an author can instill meaning into a literary work without explicitly specifying that meaning: alliteration.
This answer choice is easily reached by POE, as the other answer choices are clearly false.
The second and third paragraphs discuss separate literary devices. The discussion of alliteration in the second paragraph does not form the basis for the discussion of synecdoche in the third paragraph.
Alliteration, the topic introduced in the second paragraph, is only discussed in that paragraph.
Since the second paragraph shows an example of the process described in the first paragraph, it supports, not counters, those ideas.
Although the author chooses to discuss alliteration first, we have no information that he or she prefers it over any other device.