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What is one function of the fourth paragraph?

Excellent job!

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The third paragraph discusses synecdoche. The fourth paragraph tells us more about this topic, i.e. that it is one form of metonymy.

Incorrect.

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This answer choice is too general. The first paragraph describes literary devices' general function in a literary work. The fourth paragraph describes only how metonymy and synecdoche are used.

Incorrect.

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The fourth paragraph only shows a connection between metonymy and synecdoche. The first paragraph discusses literary devices in general, and therefore how the three are related (i.e. they all instill meaning into a literary work without explicitly specifying that meaning).

Incorrect.

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This answer choice goes too far and is considered extreme. Metonymy, the topic introduced in the fourth paragraph, is not completely unrelated to alliteration, the topic of the second paragraph. Both are literary devices and, as the first paragraph states, both instill meaning into a literary work without explicitly specifying that meaning.

Incorrect.

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The author of the passage does not favor any of the literary devices over the others but merely defines each and briefly explains their specific function in a literary work.

It advocates the use of a literary device.
It introduces a topic which is related to the one discussed in the third paragraph but is completely unrelated to the one discussed in the second paragraph.
It shows how the three literary devices discussed in the passage are related to each other.
It explains how authors use literary devices in their works.
It expands on a topic introduced in the third paragraph.