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Which of the following would best support the author's theory that a wage gap known as the motherhood penalty still exists?
In this scenario, a working mother is less likely to get a promotion, which carries a higher salary, than a woman without children, which creates a wage gap between the two groups of women.
This is further supported by the following sentence in the fourth paragraph: employers often believe that working mothers are less committed to their jobs than men, with or without children, or childless women and therefore deny them promotions or raises.
The motherhood penalty refers to a wage gap between women, not between women and men.
This scenario does not show a wage gap between women, nor is the degree of respect accorded to women in the workplace mentioned anywhere in the passage.
First of all, this scenario does not show a wage gap but a difference in benefits provided. Second of all, working mothers have an advantage over childless women in this scenario, whereas in the scenario described in the passage, working mothers are at a disadvantage.
Although this does show a wage gap between women, the motherhood penalty favors childless women, whereas in this scenario, working mothers make more money than childless women.