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The author most likely uses the words "according to this narrative" in order to
The words according to this narrative tell us that although most scholars agree on this account of the fall of the Roman empire, it is not the only one - some scholars have other accounts.
The viewpoint referred to in this sentence is that of most historians, but not necessarily the author's.
While most historians believe this interpretation to be true, this does not mean that the Roman Empire collapsed in the manner presented in this sentence. Also, the words this narrative indicate the author is discussing possible theories or accounts - not a definite reality.
At this point in the passage the Late Antiquity Schools had not yet been presented, and therefore it is unlikely that the author intends to argue against it.
In this case, the word narrative does not refer to a made-up story but to an account of a historical event. The author uses the words according to this narrative to show that one group of people (most historians) believes in this account.