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Which of the following is suggested by the fact that the archaeological record does not show signs of stone buildings in sites from the Early Middle Ages?
Since we know that the people in the Early Middle Ages did not build the houses that even the simplest Roman settlement had, we can infer that builders in the Early Middle Ages lacked either the technology or the resources that the Romans had.
The passage suggests that builders in the Early Middle Ages were not able to build stone buildings. Notice that the second sentence of the third paragraph states that archaeological evidence from the Early Middle Ages shows a striking economic and cultural decline.
Although the passage supports the idea of fewer people in the Early Middle Ages, this cannot be inferred from the fact people did not build stone buildings. Even if stone buildings required many people to be build, we have no indication that this was the reason for their disappearance.
We know that builders in the Early Middle Ages did not use stone, but this does not necessarily mean that they used wood instead.
Although the archaeological evidence does suggest that the Germanic peoples destroyed the Roman Empire, this does not mean the actual Roman buildings were destroyed. We are only told that builders in the Early Middle Ages did not build any more buildings out of stone.