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Critical Reasoning: Assumption Questions

Often considered a branch of folklore studies, cryptozoology is the study of hidden or mythological animals such as the Yeti or the unicorn. However, cryptozoologists use methods more akin to the field of zoology to seek evidence as to the existence of such creatures, rather than study the legends formed around the creatures in human societies. Therefore, cryptozoology should not be classified as a branch of folklore studies.

The above conclusion is properly drawn if which of the following is assumed?

Correct!

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The author's basic assumption is that folklorists by definition do not try to prove legends to be real. Otherwise there should be no problem with cryptozoology being considered a branch of folklore studies.

Incorrect.

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The argument did not classify either the methods of zoology or those of folklore as fieldwork, so this answer choice is irrelevant - it does not explain how the author got to the conclusion from the existing premises.

Did you assume that the methods of zoology include fieldwork, while the methods of folklorists are purely theoretical?

Incorrect.

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The tone of the argument, as seen in the conclusion, is against grouping together cryptozoologists and folklorists. This answer choice can be eliminated based on its tone, which is in favor of such grouping; it cannot be the underlying assumption if it contradicts the argument.

Incorrect.

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Whether cryptozoology is studied in top universities is irrelevant, as it does not explain how the author got to the conclusion.

Incorrect.

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Whether proof of the existence of mythological beasts was found or not is irrelevant, as it does not explain how the author got to the conclusion.

Actually, both branches include both theoretical and field methods, but that it beside the point. On the GMAT, it best to avoid applying your own general knowledge because the questions focus purely on the data given or implied by the argument.

Good, because bringing in outside knowledge is not advisable.

Unequivocal proof of the existence of the Yeti and the unicorn has been found.
Cryptozoology is studied in prestigious universities all over the world.
Folklorists investigate the legends themselves rather than try to prove them to be real.
Some cryptozoologists are acclaimed anthropologists and folklorists.
Folklorists often shy away from fieldwork.
Yes
No