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Critical Reasoning: Conclusion Weakening Questions

Which of the following, if true, would most weaken the assertion that the bog people were human sacrifices?

Excellent work!

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If Iron Age people thought the gods would not be pleased by an upper-class human sacrifice, it would be less likely that the bog people, who were members of the upper-class, were sacrificed. In other words, this data weakens the assertion (conclusion) to which the author refers.

Incorrect.

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The author reasons that the bog people were human sacrifices because they were part of the upper-class. This answer choice does not weaken this argument because one tribe could have theoretically sacrificed upper-class members of another tribe.

Incorrect.

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This answer choice would strengthen, not weaken, the author's theory. Since the bog people were members of the upper-class, they would have indeed been a lavish gift to the gods.

Incorrect.

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This statement weakens the idea that the sacrificial victims were part of the upper-class, which is based on the fact that the bog people's bodies were well-groomed. However, the question stem asks you to weaken the assertion (conclusion) that the bog people were human sacrifices.

Incorrect.

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This statement weakens the idea that the sacrificial victims were part of the upper-class, which is based on the fact that the bog people's bodies were well-fed. However, the question stem asks you to weaken the assertion (conclusion) that the bog people were human sacrifices.

Human sacrifices in the Iron Age were habitually given lavish food and well cared for in the months before their executions.
In the Iron Age, it was considered unmanly for a wealthy man to groom his body.
According to Iron Age belief systems, the deliberate killing of a notable member of society incurred the wrath of the gods.
Iron Age tribes sacrificed people from other tribes rather than from their own.
Iron Age people believed that gods were capricious beings to be assuaged by lavish gifts.