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Critical Reasoning: Assumption Questions

Which of the following is an assumption underlying the view of Existentialism on the freedom to make choices, as it is described in the passage?

Incorrect.

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This answer choice doesn't help to explain why existentialists conclude we define our own existence.

Incorrect.

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The passage implies existentialists think there's a direct link between one's decisions and their consequences. Without a predictable link between the two, one could not define one's own existence.

Well done!

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The premises cover people's own influence over their lives, but for existentialists to believe people define their own existence, they must also assume outside forces cannot affect the consequences of people's decisions.

Incorrect.

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This answer choice presents a new premise, which does not appear in the passage. Even if existentialists thought so, it wouldn't explain why they believe people define their own existence.

Incorrect.

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According to the author's depiction of existentialists, all people are free to make decisions; that's the premise. There is nothing in the passage that implies that existentialists assume this freedom starts only when one becomes an existentialist.

People find it difficult to make good decisions.
There is no logical relationship between the consequences of one's decisions and the decisions themselves.
The freedom to make decisions only begins when one has accepted that life has no inherent meaning.
Angst prevents most people from acknowledging that they have complete freedom to make decisions.
Outside forces do not influence the consequences of one's decisions.