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Sentence Correction: Parallelism - A rather than B

Practitioners of many ancient world religions, like their modern day counterparts, believed human life to be a term for the preparation of the soul for another form of existence in the afterlife rather than seeing existence as the random but brief result of biological procreation.

Incorrect.

There were two mistakes in the original sentence: Parallelism and logic. This answer choice corrects the Parallelism mistake but repeats the logic mistake. In the context of the sentence, the adjectives random and brief do not stand in opposition to one another, but actually support one another. Using the word but between them is illogical, because but describes a relationship of opposition.

Well done!

This is the only answer choice that corrects both original mistakes.

First, it corrects the Parallelism mistake by shifting the Parallelism from believed and seeing (conjugated and unconjugated verb, respectively) to a term and a random and brief result, which are both nouns.

Second, it corrects the logic mistake by changing the relationship between random and brief from opposition to addition. This is done by replacing but with and.

There were two mistakes in the original sentence: Parallelism and logic. This answer choice corrects the logic mistake but repeats the Parallelism mistake. The construction A rather than B requires that A and B belong to the same part of speech. If A and B are both verbs, they should be either both be unconjugated or both be conjugated. However, Believed is a conjugated verb whereas seeing is an unconjugated verb.

[[snippet]]

Would you like an explanation of the Parallelism in this sentence?

Incorrect.

There were two mistakes in the original sentence: Parallelism and logic. This answer choice corrects the Parallelism mistake but repeats the logic mistake. In the context of the sentence, the adjectives random and brief do not stand in opposition to one another, but actually support one another. Using the word but between them is illogical, because but describes a relationship of opposition.

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The construction A rather than B requires that A and B belong to the same part of speech. If A and B are both verbs, they should be either both be unconjugated or both be conjugated. However, believed is a conjugated verb whereas seeing is an unconjugated verb.

[[snippet]]

Furthermore, this answer choice is illogical. In the context of the sentence, the adjectives random and brief do not stand in opposition to one another, but actually support one another. Using the word but between them is illogical, because but describes a relationship of opposition.

By the way, did you understand the Parallelism in this sentence?

This sentence parallels what the practitioners believed with what they didn't believe. In the original sentence, this is done by paralleling the verbs:

The practitioners... believed [human life to be a term for the preparation of the soul for another form of existence in the afterlife] RATHER THAN seeing [existence as the random but brief result of biological procreation].

Of course, this is incorrect because of the aforementioned reasons.

Ok. Go for it!
human life to be a term for the preparation of the soul for another form of existence in the afterlife rather than seeing existence as the random but
that human life was a term for the preparation of the soul for another form of existence in the afterlife rather than a random but
human life to be a term for the preparation of the soul for another form of existence in the afterlife rather than seeing existence as the random and
that human life was a term for the preparation of the soul for another form of existence in the afterlife rather than a random and
human life to be a term for the preparation of the soul for another form of existence in the afterlife rather than a random but
Yes, please.
No, thanks. Let me try again.
No. Can you explain it, please?
Yes, let me try again.