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Which of the following arguments most closely parallels the reasoning behind the author's analysis of the first hypothesis?
This answer choice tells us that although this theory is supported by other theoretical evidence (speculations), it is flawed (cast into doubt) because of empirical evidence (recent findings) to the contrary.
This answer choice suggests that the empirical evidence (tests) is not enough to disprove a theory. We are looking for an answer choice that has been proven to be flawed by experimental evidence.
The author believes that support for a hypothesis should not come from another hypothesis but from empirical evidence.
The author believes that hypotheses should be discounted due to empirical evidence and not on the basis of their agreement or disagreement with other theories. This answer choice ignores the evidence and relies on the hypothesis relation to other theories.
The author believes that hard evidence (the results of experiments and tests) does influence, or, has a bearing on, hypotheses. In other words, the author would not agree that the tests should be ignored.